PROJECT: OLD HWY 224/BISCUIT ROCK ROCKSLIDE, Estacada, Oregon


Rockslide Blocking an Access Road

In February 2007 a minor rockfall event occurred on the Faraday Access Road, part of the Faraday Hydroelectric Project on the Clackamas River.  This initial failure involved two 6-foot boulders and was associated with a period of intense rainfall. As they fell, the rocks struck and up-rooted several trees near the top of the road cut.  The source of the rockfall was a tall basalt outcrop located about 100 feet above the road.  Several large blocks from previous events were observed at the base of the outcrop and coupled with the recent event were strong indicators that the future stability of the outcrop should be a concern.

Following this event, Landslide Technology (LT) was authorizied to inventory the slopes along the length of the road. LT's RHRS rankings indicated that this slope was one of the more hazardous on the roadway.

In March, 2007, following another heavy rainfall event, the entire slope failed.  The failure was approximately 125 feet long, 90 feet wide, and had a volume of over 4,000 cubic yards. The rock blocks came from the columnar basalt referred to locally as the biscuit rocks and the upper more massive basalt outcrop.  Blocks up to 15 feet in size were measured.  Several smaller boulders reached the fish ladder located downslope of the road but did not cause any damage. 

Due to the unstable nature of the upslope area and because slide debris completely covered the road, PGE elected to close the road and wait for better weather conditions before cleanup and mitigation measures were implemented.  Prior to mitigation work, survey hubs, crackmeters, and extensometers anchor points were installed to monitor any slope movements during construction.  Between July and September 2007, the slide debris was removed, the lower portion of the slope was reshaped, and a 9 ft. tall by 10.5 ft. wide by 144 ft. long free standing gabion wire wall was constructed on the inboard lane to provide containment and storage capacity for future rockfall and landslide events.